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White Papers

These developer white papers  are documents created by the MMA that are not MIDI specifications, but documents to help developers and content creators take advantage of MIDI to provide increased interoperability.


“What is MIDI” Guide by Paul D. Lehrman, PhD, Director of Music Engineering, Tufts University…

General MIDI Level 1 Developer Guidelines

This document was commissioned by the MIDI Manufacturers Association in 1995 to help developers of General MIDI System Level 1 (GM Level 1) products determine how to make their products compatible with as many other GM products as possible.

    Tutorial on MIDI and Music Synthesis

    The Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI) protocol has been widely accepted and utilized by musicians and composers since its conception in the 1982/1983 time frame.